The aim of Nordic P2X for Sustainable Road Transport is to assess the potential for reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from road transport within the Nordics by the use of electrofuels. Renewable electricity from wind and solar are growing fast in the Nordics, which gives an opportunity for decarbonising the road transport sector, including both heavy (trucks and buses) and light vehicles (cars, mopeds and motorcycles). Although the light vehicle fleet is being electrified using batteries, this transition will take time thus making electrofuels relevant to include in this context.

The Nordic countries each have ambitious climate goals. Achieving the ambitious targets requires solutions to reduce emissions in the sectors where it has so far been difficult. One solution to both of these challenges that is receiving increasing attention, is the possibility of converting renewable power to hydrogen (via electrolysis) and possibly to electrofuels. The conversion of electricity will help to integrate more renewable energy into the energy system in sectors that are difficult to decarbonize, but may also reduce the rapidly growing need for expansion of the electricity infrastructure.

The Nordic Power 2X project will identify candidate locations in the Nordic countries for hydrogen production and subsequent electrofuel production (gaseous as well as liquid) for fuelling road transport within the Nordics. The project will rank the sights using various feasibility criteria, and then Propose policy messages for the most promising electrofuels in a Nordic context.

The project is being led by CIT Industrial Energy (Sweden), together with VTT (Finland) and THEMA (Norway).