The Nordic region needs to continue to decouple energy-related CO2 from GDP. Progress in industry, transport, and buildings represents the biggest challenge. Energy efficiency and decarbonisation of end-use sectors need to play a prominent role in this decoupling going forward.

The total primary energy demand represents the total energy demand in the region and includes:

  • consumption by the energy sector itself,
  • distribution and transformation losses, and
  • final energy consumption by end-users.

Note: Total primary energy demand ~ gross inland energy consumption

Read more and download the full report at the Tracking Nordic Clean Energy Progress page.