The joint Baltic-Nordic Energy Research programme

On Friday the 26th of October 2018 it became clear that all three Baltic countries were ready to enter into the Baltic-Nordic energy research cooperation initiated by Nordic Energy Research (NER)…

On Friday the 26th of October 2018 it became clear that all three Baltic countries were ready to enter into the Baltic-Nordic energy research cooperation initiated by Nordic Energy Research (NER).

The agreement took the form of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) where the Baltic States and Nordic Energy Research signalled the will to finance a 24 million NOK research cooperation over four years.

Overall aim

The overall aim of the Programme is to promote energy research and analysis in the Baltic States and inspire intra-Baltic and Baltic-Nordic collaboration. This aim translates into three central actions:

  • Action no 1: Promotion of intra-Baltic and Baltic-Nordic research projects with participation of Baltic researchers,
  • Action no 2: A Baltic-Nordic Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) collaboration,
  • Action no 3: Exchange of energy researchers between the Baltic and Nordic countries.

Details on each action can be found below.

The CEO of Nordic Energy Research, Hans Jørgen Koch, stated that

“By launching this initiative we have taken an important step in creating a better exchange of ideas and knowledge between the Nordics and Baltics.  This co-operation will be vital if both regions are to remain globally competitive and energy-secure in the years to come.”

The memorandum of understanding will help pave the way for further research cooperation between the Nordics and Baltics and build upon the success of the Baltic Energy Technology Scenarios project.

Nordic Energy Research CEO Hans Jørgen Koch and Estonian Minister of Economic Affairs and Infrastructure, Kadri Simson, sign the memorandum. Photos: Annika Haas/Norden.ee

Action 1 - Promotion of intra-Baltic and Baltic-Nordic research projects with participation of Baltic researchers

Research calls

The second round of three rounds of calls for proposals within the joint Baltic-Nordic Energy Research programme have been announced.

The thematic scope of the call is limited to one or more of the four areas of key interest for the Baltic-Nordic Energy Research Programme:
  • Decarbonisation of the transport sector
  • Energy efficiency in buildings and industry
  • Energy system analysis
  • Challenges and opportunities for regional electricity grids

Projects selected for funding

The first round of calls for the joint Baltic-Nordic Energy Research programme is now completed, and three projects are selected to receive funding:

  • Fast, flexible and secure decarbonisation of the Baltic states – possible progress in the next Ten years (FasTen)
  • Integrating energy sufficiency into modelling of sustainable energy scenarios
  • Knowledge sharing on NZEB buildings in the Nordic-Baltic region

Read more about the selection process and find more information about the selected projects here.

All information regarding the 2019 call can be found on the Call for proposals-page.

All information regarding the 2020 call can be found on the Call for proposals-page.

Specific reports

The Programme Board will also commission reports on specific topics of special interest to the programme board. These will be published  on this site.

Transport Statistical Data and Projections in The Baltic States

The first published specific report, Transport Statistical Data and Projections in The Baltic States, looks into the historical characterisation of the transport sector in the Baltic States, gives an overview of the actual policy framework, and evaluate the alternative energy sources that can be adopted by the Baltic States to decarbonize the transport sector. Download and read the report here.

 

Action 2 & 3 - A Baltic-Nordic PhD collaboration and exchange of energy researchers

Nordic and Nordic-Baltic PhD and researcher mobility

Nordic Energy Research is offering support for Nordic and Nordic-Baltic PhD and researcher mobility in key areas that Nordic Energy Research has identified as most relevant for Nordic Energy Research cooperation: digitalisation, development of the electricity market, energy storage, transport, bioenergy and CCUS.

The aims and objectives of the PhD and researcher mobility projects are:

  • to develop, facilitate and create a more concrete framework for collaboration and co-operation between higher education institutions, research institutions and industry in the Nordic and Nordic-Baltic regions;
  • to offer support to PhD and research projects in the key areas: digitalisation, development of the electricity market, energy storage, transport, bioenergy and CCUS;
  • to help students and researchers to create useful networks.

NOK 12,7 million is available under this call. Of this, NOK 2.7 million is reserved for partners in Nordic-Baltic projects. Find more information on the funding-page

Action no 2: A Baltic-Nordic Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) collaboration

A Baltic-Nordic Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) collaboration will be organised through NERs general researcher mobility actions. See information above.

 

Action no 3: Exchange of energy researchers between the Baltic and Nordic countries

As for action 2, exchange of energy researchers between the Baltic and Nordic countries will be organised through NERs general researcher mobility actions. See information above.

Details

As of Friday the 26 of October 2018 Nordic Energy Research, Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania have all signed the Nordic-Baltic Memorandum of Understanding (MoU), officially putting the memorandum into effect.

The signing parties of this MoU are: Mr Hans Jørgen Koch, Nordic Energy Research CEO; Mr Arvils Ašeradens, Deputy Prime minister and Minister of Economics of the Republic of Latvia; Ms Kadri Simson, Estonian Minister of Economic Affairs and Infrastructure; and Mr Žygimantas Vaičiūnas, Minister of Energy of the Republic of Lithuania.

With all four signatures in place the 2.4 million Euro collaborative energy research programme can now begin.

Initiated by Nordic Energy Research and developed in collaboration with the Baltic States’ ministries responsible for the energy sector, the Nordic-Baltic MoU establishes a collaborative energy research programme across the two regions.

The program will be 50% funded by Nordic Energy Research (an organisation under the auspices of the Nordic Council of Ministers), and 50% by the Baltic governments.  There are three central aims for the programme:

  1. To promote intra-Baltic and Baltic- Nordic energy research projects with participation of Baltic researchers.
  2. Create a Baltic- Nordic PhD collaboration programme.
  3. Foster an exchange of energy research between the Baltic and Nordic countries.

Download

Contact:

Kevin Johnsen

Senior Adviser
Phone: +47 47 85 07 82
kevin.johnsen@nordicenergy.org

BENTE at Scenarios Forum 2019, Denver

Tomi Lindroos, project leader of Baltic Energy Technology Scenarios 2018 (BENTE), traveled to Denver recently to present findings from the study. The Scenarios Forum brings together researchers who model population, energy, emissions, and climate…

Tomi Lindroos, project leader of Baltic Energy Technology Scenarios 2018 (BENTE), traveled to Denver recently to present findings from the study. The Scenarios Forum brings together researchers who model population, energy, emissions, and climate, among many other topics. The forum provides a place to exchange experiences, ideas, and lessons learned, as well as a platform to identify ideas and knowledge gaps for future research.

“Our contribution was a session of renewable-based electrification where we wanted to improve scenarios for clean energy transition” says  Lindroos.

“Caitlin Murphy from NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory, USA) introduced their very detailed modelling of electricity consumption on demand-side sectors. Mariliis Lehtveer from Chalmers University (Sweden) presented their analysis of cost-competitiveness of electrofuels in the transport sector. I presented our system-level study of Baltic Energy Technology Scenarios 2018 where we explored current drivers and development trends in the Baltic countries’ energy sectors and assessed the likely impacts of adopted energy and climate policies.

“One of our main conclusions from both NREL’s study and BENTE 2018 was that we need a large-scale electrification to reach energy and climate targets”

One of our main conclusions from both NREL’s study and BENTE 2018 was that we need a large-scale electrification to reach energy and climate targets. In the BENTE study, we found that

  • Wind and solar will be the cheapest new capacity by 2025 (actually reached already by 2018)
  • Large heat pumps will be the cheapest source of district heating, unless blocked by taxes or grid fees
  • Electric vehicles should have cheaper lifetime costs than ICE vehicles around 2030

As a result, the electricity demand of the Baltic countries is projected to increase especially in the transport sector. The actual electrification might not be as quick as modelled if climate and energy policy targets won’t be achieved in all sectors.”

The Scenarios Forum gathered roughly 300 participants all around the world. The program covered a wide range of modelling topics including the upcoming IPCC scenarios, sustainable development goals, demographics, climate change impacts, emissions, and energy. The scale stretched from regional studies to global and specific topics to system studies.

Opening plenary of the Scenarios Forum 2019

Baltic energy and climate report launched in the Baltic capitals

During the last three weeks Nordic Energy Research have visited the three Baltic capitals to present the Baltic Energy Technology Scenarios 2018 (BENTE) study, and engaged civil society, businesses and government…

During the last three weeks Nordic Energy Research have visited the three Baltic capitals to present the Baltic Energy Technology Scenarios 2018 (BENTE) study, and engaged civil society, businesses and government in a discussion on the future of the Baltic energy system.

The report looks into the question of “What would be required for the Baltic states to meet their climate and energy targets in 2030?”. The report was presented in Tallinn, the 26th of April; Vilnius, Lithuania, the 09th of May and Riga, Latvia, the 14th of May. With almost 150 participants, there were lively discussion on issues like the future of the natural gas grid, competitiveness and adoption of electric vehicles, policy frameworks, growth in electricity demand and much more.

Download the presentation slides: 

  1. Nordic Energy Research and BENTE, Kevin Johnsen
  2. Growing demand, increasing efficiency, and electrification, Tomi J Lindroos
  3. Towards renewables and low carbon power and heat , Anders Kofoed-Wiuff
  4. Progressing towards low-carbon and RE energy systems, Tomi J Lindroos

 

Baltic Energy Technology Scenarios 2018 (BENTE)

Baltic Energy Technology Scenarios 2018 (BENTE) is a scenario-based energy system analysis that explores the changes in the Baltic countries’ energy systems. What are the drivers and their impacts in the following decades? What would be required for the Baltic countries to meet their climate and energy targets in 2030, and what development would lead the Baltics towards a 2°C pathway?

Key findings from the report:

  • Greenhouse gas reductions should be led by the electricity and district heating sectors.
  • Renewable energy will become the cheapest option for new electricity generation.
  • The Baltic countries can achieve their energy targets by using domestic resources.
  • Electricity consumption is projected to increase.

 

Get the report:

Download the report.
Download supplementary material.

Hard copies can be ordered (for free) by contacting Nordic Energy Research.

Will the Baltic states meet their energy and climate targets?

What would be required for the Baltic states to meet their climate and energy targets in 2030? Are they likely to reach these targets without additional measures? And if the Baltic…

What would be required for the Baltic states to meet their climate and energy targets in 2030? Are they likely to reach these targets without additional measures? And if the Baltic states manages to fulfil the their national targets, as well as the 2030 EU targets, would this lead the countries towards a a 2°C pathway?

In Baltic Energy Technology Scenarios 2018 (BENTE), we try to answer these questions. The report is coordinated and supported by Nordic Energy Research, and carried out by VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland and Ea Energy Analyses, in cooperation with leading Baltic research institutes.

We hope you enjoy reading the report, and that it will add value to the discussion on energy system solutions for the Baltic states.

Key findings from the report:

  • Greenhouse gas reductions should be led by the electricity and district heating sectors.
  • Renewable energy will become the cheapest option for new electricity generation.
  • The Baltic countries can achieve their energy targets by using domestic resources.
  • Electricity consumption is projected to increase.

Get the report:

Download the report.
Download supplementary material.

Hard copies can be ordered (for free) by contacting Nordic Energy Research.

Sneak peek into the BENTE-project

The Baltic Energy Technology Scenarios or "BENTE" project has been in progress for 6 months, what are the preliminary findings?

Preliminary results presented at Baltic climate conference

The first glimpse of the preliminary results from BENTE – was presented at the conference Baltic Pathway – Towards Low Carbon and Climate Resilient Development in Riga 30.10.17.

The conference was organised by the Latvian Ministry of Environmental Protection and Regional Development in cooperation with i.a. the Nordic Council of Ministers office in Latvia.

Presentation

The whole presentation is available here:

 

Updates and news from the project will be published at the BENTE-project site.

 

Baltic Energy Technology Scenarios 2018

Baltic Energy Technology Scenarios 2018 (BENTE) is a scenario-based energy system analysis that explores the changes in the Baltic countries’ energy systems. What are the drivers and their impacts in…

Baltic Energy Technology Scenarios 2018 (BENTE) is a scenario-based energy system analysis that explores the changes in the Baltic countries’ energy systems. What are the drivers and their impacts in the following decades? What would be required for the Baltic countries to meet their climate and energy targets in 2030, and what development would lead the Baltics towards a 2°C pathway?

The analysis is carried out by VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland and Ea Energy Analyses, in cooperation with leading Baltic research institutes. The project is coordinated and supported by Nordic Energy Research.

 

Get the report:

Baltic Energy Technology Scenarios 2018 was launched on April 26th, 2018 in Tallinn, Estonia.

Download the report.
Download supplementary material.

Hard copies can be ordered (for free) by contacting Nordic Energy Research.

 

Scenarios in the report

Three scenarios have been created, providing the analytical framework for the project. The scenarios have been designed with a view to describing realistic consequences of future possible climate policies and to assessing what measures will be required in the Baltic countries to comply with EU climate and energy obligations:

4 Degrees Scenario (4DS)
The 4DS presents a world with moderate ambitions for climate change mitigation. The EU will go forward with its 2030 targets. The Baltic countries will achieve their 2020 targets, but will not adopt any new targets thereafter.

Baltic Policies Scenario (BPO)
The BPO is comparable to the 4DS, but in the BPO we assumed that the Baltic countries’ comply with proposed 2030 ESS (Effort Sharing Sector) targets and national targets to increase their Renewable Energy (RE) shares.

2 Degrees Scenario (2DS)
In the 2DS, we model a cost-optimal pathway to achieving the global two degree target, where the EU complies with its ambition of 80% reduction by 2050. In the 2DS, we do not include Baltic countries’ RE targets for 2030 to be able to study if those are in line or more ambitious than in the 2DS pathway.

Key findings from the report

  1. Greenhouse gas (GHG) reductions should be led by the electricity and district heating sectors, followed by transport, buildings and other sectors. End-use sectors can reduce GHG emissions and increase the RE share through electrification only if the supplied electricity and heat is CO2-free and renewable.

  2. The Baltic countries do not reach their Effort Sharing Sector (ESS) targets in the 4 Degree Scenario (4DS). The most cost-effective measures to reduce ESS emissions are to decrease oil consumption in ESS (most importantly in transport and buildings) and to reduce fossil fuel use in smaller district heating plants.

  3. The Baltic countries could achieve the proposed renewable energy targets using domestic resources. Energy efficiency measures, wind power, biomass, heat pumps, and solar power and heating are estimated to be the most cost-effective ways to increase the renewable energy share.

  4. Electricity consumption is projected to increase due to growing demands and electrification. The largest increase would come from electric vehicles (EVs), followed by industry, heat pumps in buildings and district heat production. Based on the assumptions of this study, the growth could be 17% to 27% by 2030 compared to 2015, and 60% to 65% by 2050.

  5. Renewable energy is becoming the cheapest option for new electricity generation and European electricity systems will undergo a transformation to very high renewable shares in the coming decades. In the absence of sustainable policies to facilitate cost-effective local renewable energy generation, the Baltic countries will become large net importers of electricity.

  6. The deployment of renewable energy would reduce the import dependency of the Baltic countries and provide an effective hedge against high electricity prices. Additional interconnection capacity to the Nordic countries is likely to become economical.

  7. The estimated additional energy system net costs of the Baltic Policies Scenario(BPO) and 2 Degree Scenario (2DS) are reasonably small. The additional costs compared to the 4DS range from 0% to 0.3% of GDP in 2030 and from 0.1% to 0.5% in 2050. The BPO results in higher additional costs at 2030 than the 2DS.

Dig into the details

We at Nordic Energy Research would like to give you the opportunity to “dig into the details”. To make this possible, we have made a site where you can get the input- and output data from the scenario analysis.

Please, enjoy the details from the heat load-curve, run of river profiles or the Estonian total primary energy demand in 2040, at this site.

 

The launch events in the Baltic capitals

During the end of April and the start of May, Nordic Energy Research visited the three Baltic capitals to present the Baltic Energy Technology Scenarios 2018 (BENTE) study, and to engage civil society, businesses and government in a discussion on the future of the Baltic energy system.

The report was presented in Tallinn, the 26th of April; Vilnius, Lithuania, the 09th of May and Riga, Latvia, the 14th of May. With almost 150 participants at the events, there were lively discussion on issues like the future of the natural gas grid, competitiveness and adoption of electric vehicles, policy frameworks, growth in electricity demand and much more.

Download the presentation slides: 

  1. Nordic Energy Research and BENTE, Kevin Johnsen
  2. Growing demand, increasing efficiency, and electrification, Tomi J Lindroos
  3. Towards renewables and low carbon power and heat , Anders Kofoed-Wiuff
  4. Progressing towards low-carbon and RE energy systems, Tomi J Lindroos

Get in touch

Comments and questions are welcome and should be addressed to:

Kevin Johnsen
Nordic Energy Research
e-mail: kevin.johnsen@nordicenergy.org

Consultants: 

VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

VTT is one of the leading European research and technology organizations using 4,000,000 hours of brainpower a year to develop new technologies and solutions.

Contact info:

Tomi J Lindroos

tomi.j.lindroos@vtt.fi

 

 

 

 

 

Ea Energy Analyses

Ea Energy Analyses is a danish consulting company providing services and performing research in the field of energy and climate change. Experts in mathematical modelling of power and heat systems.

Contact info:

Anders Kofoed-Wiuff, akw@eaea.dk

János Hethey, jh@eaea.dk

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