Denmark has had a more pronounced decoupling of GDP from greenhouse gas emissions than the Nordic region as a whole. Denmark is unique in its commitment to a reduction of both emissions and energy consumption, and to become independent of fossil fuels. By focusing on energy efficiency, the country has managed to reduce energy consumption while the economy has grown by almost 80% in the last 30 years. One factor in the gradual decoupling of energy use from greenhouse gas emissions seen in Denmark is the increase in wind power production over the last decades.

Note: calculations are made using 1990 as the base year.

Data sources: EEA, World Bank (a, b)