Finland is one of the industrialised countries to have come furthest in the utilisation of bioenergy, often in Combined Heat and Power (CHP) production. Heat is used in industry and in district heating.

There has long been a natural synergy between the forestry, paper and pulp, and energy industry in Finland. Forestry by-products are an important feedstock to the energy industry, while the paper and pulp industry is a significant energy consumer – as well as a producer of energy feedstocks itself.

One difference from other Nordic countries is that Finland burns peat – classified as a slowly renewable fuel – which contributes 6% of Finland’s energy supply. In all, 30% of Finland’s energy comes from renewable sources, and with nuclear power, half of the energy supply is CO2-free.

Note: Graph excludes trade in heat and electricity.
Data source: IEA