Sweden has the largest share of renewable energy in the EU. In addition to their extensive use of hydropower, Sweden’s forestry resources have made them world-leading in bioenergy for heat and power production. They also have high aspirations for use of bioenergy transportation.

Petrol stations of a certain size in Sweden must provide alternative fuels, such as ethanol. This has led to a wide availability of renewable transport fuels, and Sweden now has the largest biofuel-burning fleet of cars in Europe.

A significant factor in Sweden’s energy mix is its nuclear power. A clear move away from oil towards nuclear and renewables occurred after the oil crises. Sweden’s government has recently pledged to become independent of fossil fuels by 2050.

Note: Graph excludes trade in heat and electricity.
Data source: IEA