The Danish energy supply has seen a marked diversification over the last four decades. This process was accelerated by energy security concerns after the oil crises, leading to a move away from oil to coal, gas and renewables.

Recent growth in wind power is evident, but biomass and waste account for a far greater share, being central in power and heat production. Denmark now has the target of becoming completely independent of fossil fuels by 2050, and has successfully de-coupled economic growth from energy use.

Note: Graph excludes trade in heat and electricity.

Data source: IEA