What is Nordic Clean Energy Scenarios?

Nordic Clean Energy Scenarios has two aims: To identify necessary actions to reduce energy-related emissions leading up to 2030 through scenario modelling, and map potential long-term pathways to carbon neutrality…

Nordic Clean Energy Scenarios has two aims: To identify necessary actions to reduce energy-related emissions leading up to 2030 through scenario modelling, and map potential long-term pathways to carbon neutrality. Nordic Clean Energy Scenarios is intended to support the joint Declaration on Nordic Carbon Neutrality.

Supporting the Nordic Vision

Nordic Clean Energy Scenarios guides you through the region’s  energy system and illustrates how the countries can achieve the Nordic Vision 2030, to become the most sustainable and integrated region in the world, by realising the green transition.  

Nordic Clean Energy Scenarios builds on earlier efforts of Nordic Energy Research: The two reports Nordic Energy Technology Perspectives published in 2013 and 2016. These reports drew on the best available knowledge at the time. However, the rapidly changing landscape of the energy sector has seen cost declines for energy technologies that were unimaginable a few years ago, while ambitions to curb climate change have risen around the world. These developments have changed the prospects for certain technologies and the conditions for the Nordic energy system, highlighting the need for an updated analysis.

While the Nordic Energy Technology Perspectives series analysed additional costs and changes needed to increase climate ambitions, the three scenarios presented in Nordic Clean Energy Scenarios all reach carbon neutrality by 2050 through different technological and societal pathways, illustrating how political choices might shape the future of the Nordic energy system.

The three scenarios developed and explored in the project are:

  • Carbon Neutral Nordic (CNN) seeks the least-cost pathway, taking into account current national plans, strategies, and targets.
  • Nordic Powerhouse (NPH) explores the opportunity for the Nordics to play a larger role in the broader European energy transition by providing clean electricity, clean fuels, and carbon storage.
  • Climate Neutral Behaviour (CNB) reflects Nordic societies adopting additional energy and material efficiency measures in all sectors, ultimately leading to lower demand for both.

Read the report online or order a copy for free.

Objectives: Nordic Clean Energy Scenarios

Nordic Clean Energy Scenarios aimed to:

  1. Develop carbon-neutral energy scenarios for the Nordic region.
  2. Contribute to strengthening Nordic cooperation and expertise in energy modelling and further develop cooperation between Nordic energy modellers and energy model research communities.
  3. Identify and analyse energy technologies with significant global and Nordic climate change mitigation potential.
  4. Develop a Nordic energy statistics database with aggregated data.


  • Energiforsk – Overall project management
  • EA Energy Analyses – Technology catalogue and Balmorel modelling
  • Energy Modelling Lab – Scientific management, ON-TIMES modelling, and energy technology expertise
  • IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute – Scientific management,  ON-TIMES modelling, and energy technology expertise
  • Norwegian University of Life Sciences – Co-author, work package leadership, project scoping, literature review, and model results review
  • Profu – Co-author, model results review
  • Thema – Co-author, model results review
  • Tøkni – Web-tool development
  • VTT – Co-author, work package leadership, ON-TIMES modelling, NCES Database, framework conditions, literature review, and data collection
  • Nordic Energy Research – Project funding, coordination and administration, and appointment of project steering group

Nordic Collaboration

Individually and collectively, the Nordic countries have among the most ambitious energy and climate agendas in the world. Collaboration, and coordination of the region’s interconnected energy infrastructure will also be key to the European energy transition.

Nordic Countries are Committed to Carbon Neutrality

Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden signed a joint Declaration in 2019, committing the Nordics to become carbon neutral in line with the Paris Agreement. 

A Case for Nordic Collaboration and the Nordics’ Role in the European Transition

Nordic co-operation is crucial to the energy transition in each country, since power grids, CCS and PtX infrastructure are highly interdependent throughout the region.

Sign up for our newsletter

Nordic Energy Research (NER) collects and processes personal information via its web page nordicenergy.org and other domains that Nordic Energy Research has registered for its various programs and activities.  Personal information is provided on a voluntary basis when visiting these web pages. The processing of personal information in connection with the services we offer, such as subscribing to newsletters and events, is done with the consent of the user.  We do no share user information with any third parties without the express permission of the user. Lundgren + Lindqvist AB provides operational and maintenance services to nordicenergy.org.   Lundgren + Lindqvist acts as a data processor for the NER, and it is only NER and Lundgren + Lindqvist who have access to the information. The company MailChimp delivers the solution for these newsletters and acts as a data processor for Nordic Energy Research in accordance with the agreement we have made with them. In order to send e-mail to the right recipient we must save your name and e-mail address. We may also save other information you choose to provide, such as organisation and work title. This information is stored in the MailChimp database. We will not share your information with third parties without your express permission, and we delete your information when you end your subscription. We will use the information only to manage the sending of newsletters or event invitations. You must unsubscribe, via the link in the newsletter or on the mailchimp website, if you no longer want to receive newsletters.