Nordic Clean Energy Scenarios has two aims: To identify necessary actions to reduce energy-related emissions leading up to 2030 through scenario modelling, and map potential long-term pathways to carbon neutrality. Nordic Clean Energy Scenarios is intended to support the joint Declaration on Nordic Carbon Neutrality.

Supporting the Nordic Vision

Nordic Clean Energy Scenarios guides you through the region’s  energy system and illustrates how the countries can achieve the Nordic Vision 2030, to become the most sustainable and integrated region in the world, by realising the green transition.  

Nordic Clean Energy Scenarios builds on earlier efforts of Nordic Energy Research: The two reports Nordic Energy Technology Perspectives published in 2013 and 2016. These reports drew on the best available knowledge at the time. However, the rapidly changing landscape of the energy sector has seen cost declines for energy technologies that were unimaginable a few years ago, while ambitions to curb climate change have risen around the world. These developments have changed the prospects for certain technologies and the conditions for the Nordic energy system, highlighting the need for an updated analysis.

While the Nordic Energy Technology Perspectives series analysed additional costs and changes needed to increase climate ambitions, the three scenarios presented in Nordic Clean Energy Scenarios all reach carbon neutrality by 2050 through different technological and societal pathways, illustrating how political choices might shape the future of the Nordic energy system.

The three scenarios developed and explored in the project are:

  • Carbon Neutral Nordic (CNN) seeks the least-cost pathway, taking into account current national plans, strategies, and targets.
  • Nordic Powerhouse (NPH) explores the opportunity for the Nordics to play a larger role in the broader European energy transition by providing clean electricity, clean fuels, and carbon storage.
  • Climate Neutral Behaviour (CNB) reflects Nordic societies adopting additional energy and material efficiency measures in all sectors, ultimately leading to lower demand for both.