Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage: An essential technology for facilitating carbon neutrality

The Nordic region has ambitious climate goals and visions that could be achieved using CCUS as a complement to other measures

Nordic Energy Research aims at taking an active part in the green transition by facilitating a joint approach to Nordic challenges, where CCUS is one of the focus areas. Through networking groups, funding research activities and dissemination of information, we facilitate the deployment of CCUS in the Nordic region.  

What is the Nordic take on CCUS?

The Nordic region has ambitious climate goals and visions that could be achieved using CCUS as a complement to other measures. There is a potential for a CCS chain from capture to storage in the Nordic and North Sea regions involving major infrastructure and storage components. Also, the Nordic region, in particular Sweden and Finland, have a high share of solid biomass fuels in the total energy consumption. This suggests that capturing carbon dioxide (CO2) from the combustion of biomass in bio-CCS could be an effective and cost-efficient option to achieve carbon negative solutions.

Today, there are only a few CCUS projects in operation. Even though the technology has been around since the 1980’s, costs are still high and further maturing of the technologies is necessary for large-scale deployment.

Figure 1. CCUS involve the capture of CO2 from fuel combustion or industrial processes, the transport of the captured CO2, and either utilisation as carbon resource in biofuels or other products, or permanent storage in geological formations. (Illustration: The Bellona Foundation / Negative CO2)

The Nordic countries have different starting points – geologically, politically, and economically. In Sweden and Finland, we find the largest industrial emission-sources of CO2, but also many legal hindrances, while in Norway we find the largest and most suitable storage units. Norway also has the advantage of considerable geological competence, as a result of decades of oil and natural gas recovery. There are also geological opportunities for CO2-storage in Denmark, but deployment has been slowed down by the lack of acceptance from the local community. Meanwhile, Iceland is making progress with a CCUS technique turning CO2 into minerals.

The nature of CCUS technology, with the different elements (capture, transport, storage, utilisation), require multidisciplinary and transnational collaboration. Thus, there is a lot to gain from Nordic collaboration on CCUS, regardless of political, technological, or legal issues. This is acknowledged by the Nordic Prime Ministers, who in January 2019 declared that they would intensify their cooperation in order to catalyse the scaling up of Nordic sustainable solutions.

Nordic Energy Research and CCUS

Current activities
Nordic Energy Research is taking part in several activities to promote CCUS-research and further its deployment in the Nordic region.

  • Negative CO2 – The Nordic Energy Research Flagship project Negative CO2 combines technologies and research that will help reducing the level of CO2 in the atmosphere effectively and at a low cost. The project focus at bio-CCS with a special aim of taking the CO2 capturing-technology Chemical Looping Combustion to the next level in its development by upscaling it to a semi-commercial scale.
  • Accelerating CCS Technologies (ACT) – Together with the collaboration-initiative ACT, Nordic Energy Research aims at facilitating the emergence of CCUS via transnational funding. The projects funded aspire to accelerate and mature CCUS technology application through targeted innovation and research activities. Nordic Energy Research is funding various types of projects – e.g. sociological or economical – as long as at least two Nordic partners are participating. Link to announcement.
  • The Networking Group on CCUS (NGCCUS) – NGCCUS was established in 2019 by the Nordic Committee of Senior Officials for Energy Policies and consists of representatives from the Nordic and Baltic countries’ authorities and ministries. The group mainly focuses on cooperation within CCUS policy development and works as a platform for discussing CCUS policy and strategy issues. The group also monitors the CCUS-development in the Nordic-Baltic countries and acts as an adviser for the arrangement of the Baltic Carbon Forum. Nordic Energy Research is a part of the group and assists in the work of the secretariat.
  • Nordic or Nordic-Baltic PhD and Researcher Mobility Programme – Nordic Energy Research is funding a “CCU-Nordic network”. The project aims at creating a strong academic network between four leading Nordic research groups by strengthening the interdisciplinary mobility for training of highly qualified researchers and create the basis for a strong CCU-Nordic network.

Past activities
Nordic research collaboration on CCS in the Nordic region was done by the Nordic CCS Competence Center (NordiCCS)in which Nordic Energy Research also participated. NordiCCS conducted several studies on CCS in the Nordic countries between 2011–2015 and involved several Nordic research centres as well as representatives from the industrial sector. Among other things, the collaboration resulted in a tool that can be used to evaluate and rank potential storage units. With the tool, it was concluded that the total theoretical storage capacity of CO2 within the territories of Sweden, Denmark and Norway are up to 120.000 million tons. As a comparison, Sweden’s industrial sector emits app. 19 million tons every year. NordiCCS makes a strong case for collaboration on CCUS in the Nordic region, to facilitate a joint approach to Nordic challenges. 

Nordic Energy Challenge

It is time to take the next step in Nordic cooperation on energy, with the green transition as the new framework. Nordic Energy Research wants to shape innovative research and…

It is time to take the next step in Nordic cooperation on energy, with the green transition as the new framework.

Nordic Energy Research wants to shape innovative research and promote new ideas with exciting perspectives that bring added value to the Nordic region. With this goal in mind we created the Nordic Energy Challenge as a way to encourage energy stakeholders – including companies, researchers, non-profit organizations, think-tanks, students and individuals – to come up with innovative solutions to the green transition.

We asked:

  • how can we overcome the barriers that are standing in the way of the Nordics becoming the most sustainable and integrated region in the world? And,
  • how can Nordic energy cooperation facilitate the combination of high environmental ambitions with economic growth?

We asked for submissions that:

  • Featured scenarios for a 2050 carbon neutral Nordic society with competitive sustainable solutions, a 2040 carbon neutral Nordic energy system, and a 2030 carbon neutral Nordic electricity system.
  • Described how different barriers can be handled on the pathway towards 2050.
  • Described the added value of Nordic cooperation.


To select the best of these proposals we assembled a jury of highly qualified representatives from Nordic Energy Research and the Nordic energy community, who assessed the submitted proposals and chose the most relevant, complete, comprehensive and innovative contributions.

Jury Members

  • Klaus Skytte, Chair of the jury and CEO at Nordic Energy Research.
  • Rune Volla, Director for the department of energy research at the Research Council of Norway and board member of Nordic Energy Research.
  • Marielle Lahti, Senior advisor at the Swedish Energy Markets Inspectorate and previously Director Smart Grids and Electricity at Swedish Smart Grid Forum.
  • Peter Lund, Professor in Advanced Energy Systems at Aalto University in Finland and Advisor at the Initiative for Sustainable Energy Policy (ISEP).
  • Birte Holst Jørgensen, Senior researcher at DTU Wind Energy and previously CEO at Nordic Energy Research.

The jury has selected this year’s three finalists.

In non-priority order – the finalists are:

  1. Simon Vilms Pedersen from University of Southern Denmark (SDU) with the proposal:
    On the Road to Nordic Decarbonization 2050
  2. Claire Bergaentzlé, Philipp Andreas Gunkel and Daniel Møller Sneum from Denmark’s Technical University (DTU) with the proposal:
    A sustainable and integrated Nordic region
  3. Marianne Zeyringer from University of Oslo (UiO) with the proposal:
    Unlocking the renewable energy potential in the Nordics

On the 3rd of November, 10:00–11:30 CET  the finalists present their full proposals at an online award ceremony, and the winner of the Nordic Energy challenge 2020 will be announced.

Register here to watch the free livestream of the ceremony.

The jury’s selection of the finalists is based on the guiding principles set out in the call for submissions and the listed objectives and requirements.


  • The best contribution will be awarded with a speaker fee of 50,000 NOK, the second best with 10,000 NOK and the third best with 5,000 NOK for their presentations at Nordic Energy Research Forum 2020,
  • Selected authors will have the possibility to publish a summary of their proposal on the Nordic Energy Research website,
  • Authors will be interviewed with videos published on Nordic Energy Research website/social networks.

The joint Baltic-Nordic Energy Research programme

On Friday the 26th of October 2018 it became clear that all three Baltic countries were ready to enter into the Baltic-Nordic energy research cooperation initiated by Nordic Energy Research (NER)…

On Friday the 26th of October 2018 it became clear that all three Baltic countries were ready to enter into the Baltic-Nordic energy research cooperation initiated by Nordic Energy Research (NER).

The agreement took the form of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) where the Baltic States and Nordic Energy Research signalled the will to finance a 24 million NOK research cooperation over four years.

Overall aim

The overall aim of the Programme is to promote energy research and analysis in the Baltic States and inspire intra-Baltic and Baltic-Nordic collaboration. This aim translates into three central actions:

  • Action no 1: Promotion of intra-Baltic and Baltic-Nordic research projects with participation of Baltic researchers,
  • Action no 2: A Baltic-Nordic Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) collaboration,
  • Action no 3: Exchange of energy researchers between the Baltic and Nordic countries.

Details on each action can be found below.

The CEO of Nordic Energy Research, Hans Jørgen Koch, stated that

“By launching this initiative we have taken an important step in creating a better exchange of ideas and knowledge between the Nordics and Baltics.  This co-operation will be vital if both regions are to remain globally competitive and energy-secure in the years to come.”

The memorandum of understanding will help pave the way for further research cooperation between the Nordics and Baltics and build upon the success of the Baltic Energy Technology Scenarios project.

Nordic Energy Research CEO Hans Jørgen Koch and Estonian Minister of Economic Affairs and Infrastructure, Kadri Simson, sign the memorandum. Photos: Annika Haas/

Action 1 - Promotion of intra-Baltic and Baltic-Nordic research projects with participation of Baltic researchers

Research calls

The second round of three rounds of calls for proposals within the joint Baltic-Nordic Energy Research programme have been announced.

The thematic scope of the call is limited to one or more of the four areas of key interest for the Baltic-Nordic Energy Research Programme:
  • Decarbonisation of the transport sector
  • Energy efficiency in buildings and industry
  • Energy system analysis
  • Challenges and opportunities for regional electricity grids

Projects selected for funding

The first round of calls for the joint Baltic-Nordic Energy Research programme is now completed, and three projects are selected to receive funding:

  • Fast, flexible and secure decarbonisation of the Baltic states – possible progress in the next Ten years (FasTen)
  • Integrating energy sufficiency into modelling of sustainable energy scenarios
  • Knowledge sharing on NZEB buildings in the Nordic-Baltic region

Read more about the selection process and find more information about the selected projects here.

All information regarding the 2019 call can be found on the Call for proposals-page.

All information regarding the 2020 call can be found on the Call for proposals-page.

Specific reports

The Programme Board will also commission reports on specific topics of special interest to the programme board. These will be published  on this site.

Transport Statistical Data and Projections in The Baltic States

The first published specific report, Transport Statistical Data and Projections in The Baltic States, looks into the historical characterisation of the transport sector in the Baltic States, gives an overview of the actual policy framework, and evaluate the alternative energy sources that can be adopted by the Baltic States to decarbonize the transport sector. Download and read the report here.


Action 2 & 3 - A Baltic-Nordic PhD collaboration and exchange of energy researchers

Nordic and Nordic-Baltic PhD and researcher mobility

Nordic Energy Research is offering support for Nordic and Nordic-Baltic PhD and researcher mobility in key areas that Nordic Energy Research has identified as most relevant for Nordic Energy Research cooperation: digitalisation, development of the electricity market, energy storage, transport, bioenergy and CCUS.

The aims and objectives of the PhD and researcher mobility projects are:

  • to develop, facilitate and create a more concrete framework for collaboration and co-operation between higher education institutions, research institutions and industry in the Nordic and Nordic-Baltic regions;
  • to offer support to PhD and research projects in the key areas: digitalisation, development of the electricity market, energy storage, transport, bioenergy and CCUS;
  • to help students and researchers to create useful networks.

NOK 12,7 million is available under this call. Of this, NOK 2.7 million is reserved for partners in Nordic-Baltic projects. Find more information on the funding-page

Action no 2: A Baltic-Nordic Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) collaboration

A Baltic-Nordic Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) collaboration will be organised through NERs general researcher mobility actions. See information above.


Action no 3: Exchange of energy researchers between the Baltic and Nordic countries

As for action 2, exchange of energy researchers between the Baltic and Nordic countries will be organised through NERs general researcher mobility actions. See information above.


As of Friday the 26 of October 2018 Nordic Energy Research, Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania have all signed the Nordic-Baltic Memorandum of Understanding (MoU), officially putting the memorandum into effect.

The signing parties of this MoU are: Mr Hans Jørgen Koch, Nordic Energy Research CEO; Mr Arvils Ašeradens, Deputy Prime minister and Minister of Economics of the Republic of Latvia; Ms Kadri Simson, Estonian Minister of Economic Affairs and Infrastructure; and Mr Žygimantas Vaičiūnas, Minister of Energy of the Republic of Lithuania.

With all four signatures in place the 2.4 million Euro collaborative energy research programme can now begin.

Initiated by Nordic Energy Research and developed in collaboration with the Baltic States’ ministries responsible for the energy sector, the Nordic-Baltic MoU establishes a collaborative energy research programme across the two regions.

The program will be 50% funded by Nordic Energy Research (an organisation under the auspices of the Nordic Council of Ministers), and 50% by the Baltic governments.  There are three central aims for the programme:

  1. To promote intra-Baltic and Baltic- Nordic energy research projects with participation of Baltic researchers.
  2. Create a Baltic- Nordic PhD collaboration programme.
  3. Foster an exchange of energy research between the Baltic and Nordic countries.



Kevin Johnsen

Senior Adviser
Phone: +47 47 85 07 82

Nordic Green Growth Research and Innovation

The Nordic countries have ambitious climate goals towards 2050. These projects aim to promote green economic growth, sustainability and competitiveness

The Nordic countries have committed themselves to ambitious climate goals towards 2050 in terms of developing energy efficient and low-carbon societies. To achieve these goals, we need extensive green transitions in all areas of the Nordic societies and economies. We need to promote green economic growth, sustainability and competitiveness both in the public and private sector.

The Nordic countries are home to excellent research and consistently rank among the best when it comes to innovation. This makes the region well-positioned to develop innovative solutions and policy advice to meet the opportunities and challenges of reaching the Nordic climate goals.

NordForskNordic Innovation and Nordic Energy Research, the main financiers of cooperative research and innovation in the Nordic countries, have therefore together launched this research and innovation programme. The call received tremendous interest with 113 applications in total.

Due to the wide scope of the call, the reviewers have considered applications covering a very wide range: Solar energy, wind energy, bio-refining, efficient use of resources from food production, mining, low-carbon approaches to metallurgy, integrated and lean production methods, innovative ways to use biomass resources both for materials and societal changes to enable green growth and competitiveness in Nordic countries to name a few. We were unfortunately only able to support a fraction of all these high-quality projects.

The total budget for the programme is 78 MNOK.

See summaries of the six funded projects below.

High-value Products from Lignin

Using lignin as an alternate renewable material source.

Lignin is a side stream component that is available in large quantities from industrial wood refining processes. The objective of the project is to develop technologies to use lignin as an alternative renewable material source in selected high value applications, optimally aiming at reduced production costs while simultaneously improved material properties.

Various types of lignins will be studied as raw materials. In addition to chemical modifications, physical methods will be developed and applied to induce desired properties, such as surface superhydrophobicity. Three potential end uses are envisaged:

Multifunctional metal coatings: Lignin-containing metal coatings aim at protection against biofouling, water frictional resistance, corrosion and icing in demanding environments, such as marine applications.

Ultra-pure biogas: Regenerable adsorbent materials with high adsorption capacity and efficiency based on metal-lignin composites will enable the use of biogas e.g. for fuel cell power plants that have strict purity requirements.

Functional films: Biomedical applications require materials with anti-microbial, cell friendly, biodegradable and biocompatible properties that can be produced in film form. Similar materials can be used for edible food packages. Lignin will be studied as a functional component in such applications.

Despite of this wide range of studied applications, many of the them have similar material property requirements and thus a generic lignin modification study will be performed that serves the whole project.

Project partners:

  • Project lead: Tarja Tamminen, VTT, Finland
  • Orlando Rojas, Aalto University, Finland
  • Anders Feilberg Aarhus University, Denmark
  • Gunnar Henriksson, Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden

New Nordic Ways to Green Growth (NOWAGG)

Strengthening the foundation for technological green growth innovation policy.

How to upscale and finance innovative low-carbon and resource-efficient technologies is essential to green growth. Nordic countries are early adopters of novel environmental technologies, and as such serving as a unique laboratory.

This research project will improve the basic understanding needed for policy-making related to promote technological green growth innovations. New types of cooperation between private and public actors could be a key enabler. The project will aim to identify key bottlenecks and options for improvement in existing governance arrangements. The availability of venture capital is essential for investments in new technologies. Reducing risk will be illustrated by experiences from a range of case studies of recent Nordic environmental technologies.

Green growth may offer an opportunity for otherwise disadvantaged regions to revitalise their trades and industries by switching to more low-carbon bio-based resources, creating a potential for offering novel, high-value commodities.

The output from this project can be used in both the Nordic countries and globally to promote green growth. Experiences from Nordic countries are much needed for a timely de-carbonisation internationally.

Project partners:

  • Project lead: Mikael Skou Andersen, Aarhus University, Denmark
  • Annica Kronsell, Lund University, Sweden
  • Jon Birger Skjærseth, Fridtjof Nansen Institute, Norway
  • Patrick Søderholm, Luleå University of Technology, Sweden
  • Tuula Teräväinen-Litardo, University of Eastern Finland, Finland

Where Does the Green Economy Grow? The Geography of Nordic Sustainability Transitions

Investigating the conditions for green growth.

There is no one-size-fits-all approach to greening the growth path of an economy as this depends on place-based policy and institutional settings, level of development, resource endowments and particular environmental pressure points. This research proposal addresses the place-based, context-dependent nature of the shift to green growth in the Nordic countries by asking the question: where does the green economy grow? In addressing this question, we foreground the importance of innovation, new industry formation, and radical industry transformation.

The project is based on a mixed methods approach. Quantitative techniques will be applied to analyse the importance of human capital and technological specialisation for the greening of the economy. Qualitative case studies of Nordic regions will focus on the role of institutions and account for the diversity in Nordic regional green pathways.

Participating regions will benefit from a thorough analysis of current green growth processes and the opportunities for further greening. The project in particular seeks to engage pioneering green growth regions in the case study analysis, and a full work package in the project will be focusing on the possibilities for policy-learning between participating regions. An important element here will be to distinguish between those successful practices that can be transferred between regions, and those which are context dependent.

Project partners:

  • Project lead: Teis Hansen, Lund University, Sweden
  • Christian R. Østergaard Aalborg University, Denmark
  • Markku Sotarauta, University of Tampere, Finland
  • Antje Klitkou, NIFU, Norway
  • Håkon Finne, SINTEF, Norway
  • Anne Nygaard Tanner, Lund University, Sweden

CIRCit – Circular Economy Integration in the Nordic Industry for Enhanced Sustainability and Competitiveness

Exploring the Nordic circular economy potential.

Circular economy (CE) is a promising approach towards maximising value by increasing resource productivity, enhancing energy efficiency, lowering resource consumption and decreasing waste. By transitioning to CE, Nordic industry as a whole can pave the way for modern sustainability thinking and establish itself as benchmark in the field, whilst also enhancing its position in the highly competitive international market.

The CIRCit research project will develop science-based tools and approaches, in close collaboration with companies, with the aim of enabling Nordic industry to:

  1. Understand the overall potential for CE implementation.
  2. Investigate and conceptualise circular business models.
  3. Develop circular products, services and solutions, based on multiple life cycles and energy efficiency.
  4. Support the operation of circular products, services and solutions by introducing intelligent assets.
  5. Close the loop of materials through remanufacturing, recycling and reuse.

The tools and approaches developed in CIRCit will be broadly disseminated within the Nordic industry to maximise impact and uptake. CIRCit will contribute to increased efficiency of production and a more effective use of natural resources and energy, leading to increased competitiveness, growth and job creation.

Project partners:

  • Project lead: Tim C. McAloone, Technical University of Denmark (DTU) Denmark
  • Anna-Karin Jörnbrink, Swerea, Sweden
  • Pekka Abrahamson, NTNU, Norway
  • Sigurdur Kridtjansdottir, Innovation Center Iceland, Iceland
  • Carina Wiik, Federation of Technology Industries in Finland, Finland


Developing a way to use feather as an alternative source of feed.

The challenge addressed by the project is the implementation of improved circular bioeconomy in the global chicken industry. With an increasing world population and mean income, there is a growing demand for proteins from meat. Alternative sources for feed ingredients are needed, preferably derived from by-products from local sources using mild processing conditions. Feather waste, a globally abundant by-product-derived nutritional protein-rich feed source, is an excellent choice.

The final goal of Feather2Feed is to present a market ready technology, where a colourless feather hydrolysate of high digestibility and nutritional value, is ready for industrial scale production at the end of the project period. This is achieved by using a new and radical combination of technologies.

The project will represent a stellar example of collaboration between Nordic SMEs and a state/private research institution, with representation from Norway, Sweden and Denmark. Since the technology in question has applications both in the Nordic countries and globally, given the size of the poultry industry and potential access to other protein rich side streams, the project will be a showcase of innovative Nordic technology solving a global waste problem and satisfying a need for improved protein rich animal feeds.

The added value on a practical basis will be the creation of employment and growth opportunities in the Nordic region related to the roll-out of the technology, but also across the globe as most growth opportunities will be export orientated.

Project leader:

  • Nofima, Norway

Low Temperature Plasma for Chemical Production

A new way to extract high-value chemicals from lignin.

The project will use low temperature plasma to utilise valuable chemicals from low value bio-based feeds. Lignin is a waste material from wood processes when cellulose and hemicellulose have been extracted. Lignin is a very large molecule that contains interesting chemical structures and aromatics.

The project consortium aims to develop a process, based on low temperature plasma that will be able to decompose lignin into valuable chemicals, which can enable a production of bio-based chemicals at a price level that is comparable to today’s cost. The consortium will also focus on utilising possible waste from this process to produce synthesis gas (hydrogen and carbon monoxide) which also is a valuable feedstock for production of chemicals, and to examine if the technology can be used on black liquor.

The application is focusing on using a resource that is present in large quantities in the Nordic countries. If successful, the project may be able to increase the value string for companies operating in this region – forestry, paper mills, and chemical companies that will be able to produce competitive bio-based chemicals. The technologies involving bio-based chemicals have a strong foundation in these countries being in the forefront of the development of bio technologies replacing traditional feedstocks typically based on crude oil and other fossil fuels.

There is also a large export potential as lignin and bio-based chemicals is not solely related to the Nordic countries. There is a demand for these chemicals in other parts of the world and the demand is increasing as new technologies make it possible to develop alternative production routes.

Project partners:

  • University of Uppsala, Sweden
  • Haldor Topsøe, Denmark
  • Perstrop AB, Sweden
  • N2 Applied, Norway

Sustainable Energy Systems 2050

Sustainable Energy Systems 2050 is the seventh edition of Nordic Energy Research’s main research funding programme, spanning from 2011 to 2014

“While decarbonizing electricity is still a central challenge for much of the world, the Nordic case offers insight into how a clean electricity system can be achieved and how it can facilitate decarbonization of other sectors.” – SES 2050 Report

The aim of the programme is to develop new knowledge and solutions, supporting the transition to a sustainable energy system in 2050.



Associated projects

Developing more competitive bioenergy systems

This project aims to strengthen the role of Nordic forestry as a contributor to the development of competitive and renewable energy systems. By ensuring a more central place for woody biomass in energy production, the goal of fossil independence by 2050 becomes more accessible

Smart transmission grid operation and control

This project seeks to develop better tools for addressing the increasing need to move electricity across national borders. More interconnected electricity grids in both the Nordic region and Europe are seen as an important facilitator of more sustainable energy systems, and international cooperation is critical in achieving this vision

Prediction tools for offshore wind energy generation

This project aims to develop prediction tools for offshore wind energy production in order to make wind power production more reliable and efficient in the future. Offshore wind can play an important role in the transition to more sustainable energy systems, and it is critical to be able to predict the interaction between wind farms in order to optimise production

Nordic power road map 2050: Strategic choices towards carbon neutrality

The Nordic region has the renewable energy potential necessary to create a fully carbon-neutral electricity system. In this project, researchers will analyse scenarios for the Nordic energy system in 2050 to better understand which policies are best suited to achieve this goal

Combining solar energy technologies for greater efficiency

This project aims to make solar power production more efficient by combining the two main methods of generating electricity from the sun: photovoltaic and thermal conversion. A high efficiency integrated solar energy converter has potential to achieve larger economic and environmental returns than wind, solar, or geothermal power

Using solar energy and algae to create cost-effective transport fuels

This project aims to make biofuel production more cost effective by converting solar radiation directly to fuel. Typically, the cost of producing feedstock to make biofuels is a major obstacle to its economic viability. By bypassing parts of the biofuel process and directly synthesising fuel from solar energy, the technology could greatly reduce production costs

Using CO2 and smart grids to create fuels for heavy transport

This project seeks to develop renewable synthetic fuels from CO2 and electricity using advanced electrolyse techniques. These “CO2 Electrofuels” can become a realistic alternative to biofuels in the heavy transport sector

Nordic initiative for solar fuel development

This project aims to generate renewable transport fuels using sunlight, carbon dioxide and water. By directly converting solar energy to transport fuels, this technology can be more efficient than using electricity from solar panels, or biofuels from plants

Developing strategies and policy recommendations for energy system transitions

This project aims to provide industry and policy makers with insights and analysis to help guide the decision-making process toward a more sustainable energy system in 2050. To meet our energy and climate goals a major transition in energy systems is necessary, which may require fundamental societal changes. This project will present technology opportunities for this transition

Energy & Transport Programme

Transport is a critical and pressing challenge in the decarbonisation of our energy systems, and an area with significant potential for innovation and green growth. The Nordic region has a…

Transport is a critical and pressing challenge in the decarbonisation of our energy systems, and an area with significant potential for innovation and green growth. The Nordic region has a vision of becoming the leading European region for the development, testing and use of more sustainable transportation systems. The Energy & Transport programme is central to this vision. The Energy & Transport programme is funded by the Nordic Council of Ministers, and steered by a Board representing the national energy and transport authorities of the Nordic countries.


Associated projects

Nordic Sustainable Intelligent Truck Hub

The project will provide an answer to the question how urban networks can be relieved from heavy trucks by exploring the synergies of a combination of intelligent services for truck parking information for last-mile delivery and ‘urban consolidation centres’. A concept solution will be developed to reduce distribution problems in cities and at the same time solve problems of “wild” parking of trucks in the urban area. By extending the Intelligent Truck Parking (ITP) concept with buffering of Heavey Goods…

Nordic Comparison on the future of road freight energy efficiency and CO2 emissions

The purpose of this study is to forecast the future of energy efficiency and CO2 emissions of Finnish, Swedish, Danish and Norwegian road freight transport until 2016 and 2030 in the light of past and current trends, as well as to recommend policy measures to achieve the energy efficiency and CO2 emission targets. The main deliverable of the project is an online tool for all stakeholders of road freight transport. The online tool contains the main results of the research…

Alcohol (Spirits) and Ethers as marine fuel

The main goal of the project is to test the use of methanol and di-methyl ether (DME) as shipping fuels in a full-scale pilot project and to find the best environmental and economic alternative for a sustainable and successful maritime transport industry

Nordic Sustainable Logistics Network

The Nordic Sustainable Logistics Network (or ‘No Slone’) brings together key players from five Nordic countries to establish a common Nordic network dedicated to improving cross-border business collaboration in the area of sustainable logistics. The project builds up a Nordic network that focuses on several different aspects of sustainable logistics. The network will establish an information portal on sustainable logistics, where both project participants and network members can share news. The portal will also be a natural place for other research and…

Sustainable Transport through improved actor interfaces

This project analyses the interface and the interplay between logistics companies and their customers (goods owners) in order to provide knowledge that can support logistics service providers, goods-owners and supply chain members in their quest for sustainable competitiveness

Cleaner city freight transport

This project will evaluate how electrical freight transport can contribute to cleaner cities in the future. By providing technical solutions, new business models and an overview of environmental costs, the project makes it easier for decision makers to choose sustainable transport solutions

Nordic incentives for electric cars

This project will map all financial and non-financial incentives available for electric transportation in the Nordic countries and use this information to produce a Nordic calculator for the cost of an electric vehicle

Electrifying the seaways

This project will provide insight to assist in the design of more environmentally friendly ship traffic systems. Additionally, it will provide research based advice for decision-makers in the development of new international regulations for emission-free ship traffic in the future

Mapping electric fuel stations

The goal of the project is to establish a common database over the charging infrastructure in the Nordic countries.  Drivers of electric vehicles will be able to get information on charging stations along their route

Testing the driving range of electrical vehicles

The aim of this project is to improve knowledge on the range of electric vehicles operating  in Nordic countries.  Assessing range and performance of electric vehicles in the challenging Nordic driving conditions will help produce the complete picture of energy use for electric vehicles, and therefore make electric vehicles a more reliable choice for Nordic drivers

Nordic electric avenue

This project aims to achieve an increased share of electric cars on Nordic streets. In order to reduce environmental problems, a Nordic system for electrical vehicles will be set up, where users travel regionally and internationally using public transportation and cars from electric carpool fleets

Top-level Research Initiative: Sustainable Biofuels

Sustainable Biofuels is one of six sub-programmes of the Top-level Research Initiative – the largest joint Nordic research and innovation programme to date. With 30 million NOK in financing over…

Sustainable Biofuels is one of six sub-programmes of the Top-level Research Initiative – the largest joint Nordic research and innovation programme to date. With 30 million NOK in financing over five years, the Sustainable Biofuels sub-programme aims to promote innovative and sustainable forms of biofuels.

Associated projects

Innovations in bioethanol production technologies

This research project seeks to advance innovations in bioethanol production technologies. By developing more efficient production processes, bioethanol can contribute to securing the future energy supply in the Nordic region

Testing second generation biofuels

This project aims to use experimental and simulation work to advance knowledge on specific frontiers related high performing bio-based transport fuels

Improving the feasibility of second generation biofuels

This project aims to improve the production processes for 2nd generation biofuels. Using ‘high gravity’ techniques which have higher raw material concentrations, the project will improve the economic feasibility of this promising technology

Making liquid fuels from forest wastes

This project aims to increase the profitability of pulp and paper industry by using forestry by-products for producing high-quality renewable fuels

Top-level Research Initiative: Integration of large-scale wind power

Integration of Large-Scale Wind Power is one of six sub-programmes of the Top-level Research Initiative – the largest joint Nordic research and innovation programme to date. With 30 million NOK…

Integration of Large-Scale Wind Power is one of six sub-programmes of the Top-level Research Initiative – the largest joint Nordic research and innovation programme to date. With 30 million NOK in financing over five years, the Integration of Large-Scale Wind Power sub-programme supports the development of innovative and sustainable forms of wind energy and its better integration with energy systems.

Associated projects

Nordic Wind Integration Research Network

Development of wind power and electricity production from renewable sources continues its fast growth in both Europe and in the Nordic countries. This network will strive to strengthen the collaboration between the Nordic organisations in order to utilise mutual research within wind power

Wind power operation and maintenance network

This network aims to create a Nordic network for operation and maintenance issues regarding wind power plants

Integration of wind energy into power grids

This project aims to address key enablers and risk elements for the integration of large amounts of wind energy into the Nordic power grid. Through the facilitation of networks on the integration of wind energy into onshore and offshore grids, the aim is to achieve a better understanding of challenges and needs in this area

Determining reserve production capacities in wind power systems

In order to improve the integration of wind farms into modern power systems, a certain amount of reserve production capacity is required. This research project seeks to determine the optimal amount of extra capacity in the wind power system while taking into account system imbalances and forecasting errors

DC grids for integration of large scale wind power

To make the use of wind power in the Nordic countries more flexible grids must to a higher extent be interconnected. This research project seeks to study the most promising technical solutions in this area for future large-scale offshore grids. Read more about the project and download the final report

Improved forecast of wind, waves and icing

This research project seeks to address some of the barriers to large-scale integration of wind energy in the Nordic countries. Through improved forecasts and acquiring an overview of icing conditions, wind farms will have a better chance at contributing to a higher share of renewable energy in the Nordic countries

Northern European Innovative Energy Research Programme

The Northern European Innovative Energy Research Programme (N-INNER) is a programme fostering unconventional and innovative solutions for sustainable energy systems. Nordic Energy Research operates the programme on behalf of the…

The Northern European Innovative Energy Research Programme (N-INNER) is a programme fostering unconventional and innovative solutions for sustainable energy systems. Nordic Energy Research operates the programme on behalf of the Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Germany and Estonia.

Associated projects

Next generation fuel cell materials

This project aims to facilitate the development of fuel cells with low weight, compact design and low cost. A wide implementation of fuel cells will contribute to lower CO2 emissions and improve air quality, especially in urban areas

Northern Light Emitting Diode initiative

This project brings together a wide range of research fields from materials to social sciences. The participants aim to develop a new type of white Light Emitting Diode (LED) which has a high light quality and is 30% more efficient than common low-energy bulbs

Creating better membranes for CO2 separation in biofuel production

To increase the efficiency of biofuel production, certain gasses need to be separated from the process. Zeolite membranes are particularly suited to this task, but are not a commercialised technology yet. This project aims to maximise the efficiency of these membranes

Efficient production of fuels from biomass

Biofuels from cultivated plants or waste products play an important role in reducing the consumption of fossil fuels in the future. This project makes use of an interdisciplinary approach in developing processes for new, biomass-based synthetic fuels

Converting light and water into Hydrogen

Solar energy is an abundant resource, and hydrogen has potential to be a central energy carrier in our future energy systems. This project aimed to make the production of hydrogen-based fuels using solar energy more cost-efficient

Using nanotechnology to increase fuel cell durability (2007-2010)

Polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFC) are considered a cornerstone technology for a future hydrogen-based economy. However, high costs of materials and insufficient durability hindered widespread its utilisation.  This project used carbon nanotubes (CNT) and nanofibres (CNF) to increase the durability of this promising technology

Creating more efficient algae-based biofuels (2008-2010)

In producing biomass fuels, it is important to compare production alternatives for various primary sources. This project aimed at optimising algal culturing as a source for biodiesel production, as algae have several advantages to land based biomass. Algae reproduce several times a day, their lipid content is higher than that of terrestrial plants, algal production does not compete for land with food production

Developing membranes and conductors for fuel cells (2007-2010)

Materials play a significant role in the efficiency of advanced energy technologies. This project developed highly efficient materials for fuel cells and carbon capture and storage. Activities focused both on membranes for the separation hydrogen and on materials with high electrical conductivity

Testing organic solar cells (2007-2010)

This project aimed to find ways to enhance our understanding of how best to use organic materials for the conversion of sunlight into electricity. It developed a platform for the evaluation of organic photovoltaic solar cells

Nordic Energy Research Programme (2007-2010)

Nordic Energy Research’s main research programme for 2007-2010  had  a total budget of 150 million NOK, with 86 million NOK provided by Nordic Energy Research. The program consisted of 16…

Nordic Energy Research’s main research programme for 2007-2010  had  a total budget of 150 million NOK, with 86 million NOK provided by Nordic Energy Research. The program consisted of 16 high quality cooperative projects. The thematic areas of the program were climate and energy, energy efficiency, renewable energy, hydrogen technology and energy markets.

Nordic Energy Research launches new large research programmes every fourth year. From 2011 to 2014 our main research programme is “Sustainable Energy Systems 2050”  focusing on one overall theme.

Associated projects

Standards for measuring energy use in buildings with district heating (2007-2010)

Efficient energy production requires the ability to compare different sources of primary energy in terms of their wastefulness. This project developed systems, methods and credible data for calculating how much energy is lost along the way from energy production to the end-user in the building sector and how local industry can be a source of heating and cooling

Scandinavian Hydrogen Highway Partnership (2007-2008)

In cooperation with industry, this network built a strong partnership seeking to accelerate the introduction of hydrogen as a common vehicle fuel in the Scandinavian countries. The project continues with other funding, and has the vision is to make the Scandinavian region one of the first where hydrogen is commercially available from a network of refueling stations

How climate change will affect the energy sector (2007-2010)

This project improved the decision framework of the Nordic energy sector in the face of the imminent impacts of climate change. Uncertainty about the future of renewable energy resources under climate change is a key issue for the energy sector. While some renewable energy sources may experience an increase in productivity, others may decrease

Devising policies for integrating electricity from many small sources (2007-2008)

This project aimed to improve the integration of distributed generation as an important tool for developing a well-functioning electricity market in the Nordic region and North-West Russia. Distributed generation means electricity generated from many small energy sources

Nordic network for sustainable energy systems in isolated locations (2007-2010)

The Nordic Network for Sustainable Energy Systems in Isolated Locations ( created network of stakeholders interested in the use of sustainable energy solutions in communities in isolated parts of Nordic region. Much of the Nordic region, especially to the North and West, is isolated from national grid systems – creating a unique energy challenge

Nordic graduate school in biofuel science and technology (2007-2010)

Bioenergy is the largest source of renewable energy in the Nordic countries, is also the renewable energy form than can most readily be converted into transport fuels. The Nordic Graduate School in Biofuel Science and Technology played an important role in educating Nordic graduate students in this important field

Assessing policies for energy market integration (2007-2010)

The further integration of national energy markets is critical in achieving a more sustainable, secure and affordable energy system. This project developed a better understanding of the functioning of energy markets and the implementation and effects of instruments and regulatory regimes

Nordic Centre of Excellence on Hydrogen Storage Materials (2007-2010)

This Centre of Excellence synthesised, characterised and modelled new materials for use as the primary component in hydrogen storage for mobile applications such as cars and boats

Nordic Centre of Excellence in Photovoltaics (2007-2010)

The Nordic Centre of Excellence in Photovoltaics (PV) strengthened the cooperation between universities, research institutes and industry in the field of solar energy

Renewable production of hydrogen using algae (2007-2010)

Hydrogen produced from renewable energy sources is regarded as a highly promising option for energy storage and transportation in the future. This project produced new scientific knowledge related to certain Nordic algae, which has significant potential as a high producer of hydrogen gas

Analysing the effects of wind energy in the Nordic grid (2007-2010)

Due to environmental concerns, increase in electricity demand and improved wind power economy, the power production from wind energy is growing very fast.  This project aimed to develop models for studying the implications of operating the Nordic grid with a large amount of electric power and energy coming from wind farms

Improving the energy efficiency of wood-based biofuels (2007-2010)

To avoid the biofuel industry competing with food production, non-edible plants are a more sustainable alternative for raw materials in fuel production. Using Nordic softwood and hardwood, this project aimed to maximise efficiency at every stage of production of wood-based fuel-ethanol

Automatic meter reading forum (2007-2008)

A common forum was established to encourage cost-effective implementation of Automatic Meter Reading (AMR) solutions in the Nordic countries. By constantly communicating consumption and price information between the electricity meter and the distributor, Automatic Meter Reading allows for much smarter use of electricity

Arranging the Energy Climate Technology Conference (2007-2009)

This project put on an annual conference, bringing together experts in the energy sector from across the Nordic and Baltic regions to discuss energy issues and topics with a clear focus on future challenges facing the industry

Adapting fuel cells for cold climates (2007-2009)

The project developed efficient and durable technologies for fuel cell powered vehicles operating in sub-zero environments. The project resulted in a fully operational fuel cell powered forklift and a 40% reduction in production costs

Making the paper industry more energy efficient (2007-2009)

With rising energy costs, the consequence of saving energy in the mechanical pulping sector has an important impact on the future competitiveness of the Nordic pulp and paper industry. This project aimed to promote increased energy efficiency through new knowledge about essential wood fibers

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